The article "Dietary intakes of urban, high body mass index, African American children: family and child dietary attributes predict child intakes", published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior in 2011, describes the relationship between family and child nutrition attributes related to children's dietary intakes.
Fruits and vegetables are essential for the promotion of health and the prevention of chronic disease. Higher intake of fruits and vegetables has been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and ischemic strokes —the three leading causes of death in the United States.
Dairy foods are important in a healthy diet—as long as they are lower-fat dairy. Whole-fat dairy products are high in saturated fats, which have been shown to raise blood cholesterol and increase the risk of heart disease. Whole-fat milk and cheese are among the leading sources of saturated fat in American diets.
When grains are processed or refined, most of the bran and some of the germ are removed, eliminating most of the beneficial parts of the grain. Whole grains, and foods made from them, include the entire germ seed, usually called the kernel, which consists of the bran, the germ, and the endosperm.
Scientific evidence continues to mount supporting the importance of breastfeeding for infants and their mothers. Breastfeeding significantly reduces children’s risk for acute infections and chronic conditions such as diabetes, asthma, and obesity. Breastfeeding also reduces the mother’s risk for type 2 diabetes and breast and ovarian cancers.