The consumption of electrolyte replacement beverages, which are becoming increasingly popular in public schools, is associated with weight gain, diabetes and obesity. Beverage standards recommended by the Institute of Medicine call for the elimination of electrolyte replacement beverages from public schools to promote healthy beverage consumption.
A systematic literature review was conducted to determine whether sweetened beverage intake increases the risk for obesity, and the extent to which it has contributed to recent increases in energy intake and adiposity in the USA. All lines of evidence consistently support the conclusion that the consumption of sweetened beverages has contributed to the obesity epidemic. It is estimated that sweetened beverages account for at least one-fifth of the weight gained between 1977 and 2007 in the US population. Actions that are successful in reducing sweetened beverage consumption are likely to have a measurable impact on obesity.
The period from 10 to 14 years of age (“tweens”) has been considered a critical period for the development of obesity which would most likely last into adulthood. Recent research shows that a high rate of television (TV) viewing is a critical contributor to weight gain in children of all ages.
The 2007 California Childhood Obesity Conference (CCOC ‘07), held in Anaheim, California, addressed the nation’s childhood obesity epidemic. The primary focus was on prevention strategies aimed at high risk and low-income communities.
Position of the American Dietetic Association: Individual-, Family-, School-, and Community-Based Interventions for Pediatric Overweight is a thorough evidence based review of the interventions to prevent and treat childhood overweight, conducted in collaboration with researchers from the University of Texas and Louisiana State for the American Dietetic Association, published in the Journal of the
Pediatric Overweight: A Review of the Literature discusses the prevalence of overweight, risk and protective factors for overweight in children, as well as effective interventions and barriers in school and community-based settings.
Copyright UC Regents. Dr. Robert C. and Veronica Atkins Center for Weight & Health; University of California, Berkeley