Food scientists and nutrition scientists (dietitians and nutrition communicators) are tasked with creating strategies to more closely align the American food supply and the public's diet with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA).
The 2010 California Obesity Prevention Plan is a call to action for stakeholders from all the identified sectors—State, Local, and Tribal Governments; Employers; Health Care; Families; Community Organizations; Schools; Child Care; Food and Beverage Industry; and Entertainment and Professional Sports—to work together to improve the health of all Californians.
The study investigated trends in prevalence of high BMI from 2001 to 2008 and examined racial/ethnic disparities. On the basis of statewide California data, prevalence of high BMI was declining for some groups but had not declined for American Indian and black girls. These trends portend greater disparities over time, particularly in severe obesity.
The consumption of electrolyte replacement beverages, which are becoming increasingly popular in public schools, is associated with weight gain, diabetes and obesity. Beverage standards recommended by the Institute of Medicine call for the elimination of electrolyte replacement beverages from public schools to promote healthy beverage consumption.
A community based lifestyle intervention program to reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in overweight African American (AA) children was assessed for potential for effectiveness in a non-randomized pilot study, After one year, this community based intervention program effectively improved insulin resistance and thus reduced risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in overweight AA boys but did n
We assessed the impact of legislation that established nutrition standards for foods and beverages that compete with reimbursable school meals in California. Regulation of competitive foods improved school food environments and student nutritional intake. Improvements were modest, partly because many compliant items are fat- and sugar-modified products of low nutritional value.
Associated with a tripling in obesity since 1970, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in children has risen 9-10 fold. There is a critical need of protocols for trials to prevent T2DM in children. Evaluations completed to date suggest that Taking Action Together may be an effective intervention, and results warrant an expanded evaluation effort.
A systematic literature review was conducted to determine whether sweetened beverage intake increases the risk for obesity, and the extent to which it has contributed to recent increases in energy intake and adiposity in the USA. All lines of evidence consistently support the conclusion that the consumption of sweetened beverages has contributed to the obesity epidemic. It is estimated that sweetened beverages account for at least one-fifth of the weight gained between 1977 and 2007 in the US population. Actions that are successful in reducing sweetened beverage consumption are likely to have a measurable impact on obesity.
We examined whether new policies restricting sales in schools of so-called competitive foods and beverages—those that fall outside of what is served through federally reimbursed school meal programs— influenced increasing rates of overweight children in the Los Angeles Unified School District and the rest of California.