Fruits and vegetables are essential for the promotion of health and the prevention of chronic disease. Higher intake of fruits and vegetables has been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and ischemic strokes —the three leading causes of death in the United States.
Dairy foods are important in a healthy diet—as long as they are lower-fat dairy. Whole-fat dairy products are high in saturated fats, which have been shown to raise blood cholesterol and increase the risk of heart disease. Whole-fat milk and cheese are among the leading sources of saturated fat in American diets.
When grains are processed or refined, most of the bran and some of the germ are removed, eliminating most of the beneficial parts of the grain. Whole grains, and foods made from them, include the entire germ seed, usually called the kernel, which consists of the bran, the germ, and the endosperm.
Poor nutrition and physical inactivity have been clearly implicated in the epidemic of obesity that has spread among both children and adults. For adults, the worksite is a logical focus for programs to improve health habits in ways that encourage healthy weight.
To understand the range of possible consumption and weight outcomes of providing calorie information on menu boards, "Potential Impact of Menu Labeling of Fast Foods in California" explores different assumptions about the percentage of people who frequent fast food restaurants and see calorie information.
Capitol Hill Briefing Explains School-Based Health Centers’ Roles as First Responders to Students in Crisis, an article published January 31, 2007, discusses the health and education policy leaders belief that school-based health centers play a significant role in responding to students in crisis and provide a national model of health care access for students.
The article School-Based Health Centers: Improving Access and Quality of Care for Low-Income Adolescents, published in Pediatrics in October, 2007, compares visit rates, emergency care use, and markers of quality of care between adolescents who use school-based health centers and those who use other community centers within a safety-net health care system for low-income and uninsured patients.
The Asian Language Nutrition and Physical Activity Brochures project published a series of culturally sensitive and relevant educational materials that can help immigrant parents understand how they can adapt to a new environment and food supply in a way that will foster the health and welfare of their children.
Weighing and measuring children can be a large undertaking and the benefits must outweigh the costs. Weighing the risks and benefits of BMI reporting in the school setting offers guidelines for the collection of weights and heights.